Arthur Bedou .......................... Jules Lion

Homer Plessy

Shoemaker/ first person of color to challenge the
Racial Segregation Laws in Court



Famous Creoles
Rosette Rochon
  Harold Doley
  Andre Cailloux
  Dr. Roudanez
  Francis E. Dumas
  Jean Baptiste Du Sable
  Jelly Roll Morton
  Fats Domino
  Henriette Delille
  General Beauregard
  Norbert Rillieux
  Louis Moreau Gottschalk
  Rose Nicaud
  Morris W. Morris
  Edmonde Dede
  Louis A. Snaer
  Don Vappie
  John Audobon
  Joan Bennett
  Jean Lafitte
  Morton Downey Jr.
  Julien Hudson
  Illinois Jacquet
  Bryant C. Gumbel
  Marie Laveau
  Gilbert E. Martin
  Rudolphe Lucien Desdunes
  Ernest Morial
  Bill Picket
  Bishop Healy
  John Willis Menard
  Homer Plessy
  Ward Connerly
AP Tureaud
  Bishop Olivier
  George Herriman
  Alexander Dumas


A light-skinned Creole, Homer Plessy was arrested and jailed in 1892 for sitting in a Louisiana railroad car designated for white people only.

Plessy had violated the 1890 state law that called for racially segregated facilities. Plessy went to court, claiming the law violated the 13th and 14th amendments, but Judge Ferguson found him guilty anyhow.

By 1896 the case had gone all the way to
the U.S. Supreme Court, who also found Plessy guilty by an 8-1 majority.

The resulting doctrine of "separate but equal" institutionalized segregation in the United States until overturned in 1954 by the case of Brown v. Board of Education.


The Plessy vs. Ferguson Supreme Court




Court documents, the supreme Court justices' and the "Case files "

Click photo to read text


Homer Plessy,

a creole of color and civil rights activist

, was born in New Orleans, La. in 1863. From Louisiana, Plessy was the second child of Adolphe Plessy and Rosa Debergue Plessy. His father died when he was five, and his mother rosa remarried shortly thereafter. Plessy was apprenticed as a shoemaker, the profession of his stepfather and maternal relatives. In 1887, he married Louise Bordenave at St. Augustine Church.

In 1892, Homer Plessy decided to challenge a two-year-old streetcar law that seperated passengers traveling on trains in Louisiana. His action made him a plaintiff and defendant in the landmark U.S. Supreme Court Case of Plessy vs. Ferguson in 1896.

A group of influential creole American civic and business leaders, chose Homer Plessy to board the white car of the East Louisiana Railway leaving from New Orleans and traveling to Covington. The Citizen's Committee's strategy was to purposely break the Seperate Car law so the case could go before the state supreme court.

The case eventually made its way to the United States Supreme Court which eventually ruled against Plessy. The Supreme Court upheld the statute of "Seperate but Equal" and unfortunately this landmark decision eventually was used to justify segregation in education, public accomodations, and transportation.

After the case, Plessy drifted into anonymity, later becoming a life insurance collector with People's Life Insurance Company. Plessy died on March 1, 1925 and is buried in his mother's family tomb in St. Louis Cemetary.

Homer plessys' tomb at St. Louis cemetary 1



Ciara the Actress
Questions, Comments, Dead Links? Email Webmaster
**All articles taken from selected reading materials are the sole property of the authors listed. In no way are these articles credited to this site. The material presented is only a brief presentation of writings from the publisher & producer of each article.
Copyright French Creoles of America®, All Rights Reserved