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a creole of color and civil rights activist
was born in New Orleans, La. in 1863. From Louisiana, Plessy
was the second child of Adolphe Plessy and Rosa Debergue Plessy.
His father died when he was five, and his mother rosa remarried
shortly thereafter. Plessy was apprenticed as a shoemaker,
the profession of his stepfather and maternal relatives. In
1887, he married Louise Bordenave at St. Augustine Church.
In 1892, Homer Plessy decided to challenge a two-year-old
streetcar law that seperated passengers traveling on trains
in Louisiana. His action made him a plaintiff and defendant
in the landmark U.S. Supreme Court Case of Plessy vs. Ferguson
A group of influential creole American civic and business
leaders, chose Homer Plessy to board the white car of the
East Louisiana Railway leaving from New Orleans and traveling
to Covington. The Citizen's Committee's strategy was to purposely
break the Seperate Car law so the case could go before the
state supreme court.
The case eventually made its way to the United States Supreme
Court which eventually ruled against Plessy. The Supreme Court upheld the statute of "Seperate but Equal" and unfortunately
this landmark decision eventually was used to justify segregation
in education, public accomodations, and transportation.
After the case, Plessy drifted into anonymity, later becoming
a life insurance collector with People's Life Insurance Company.
Plessy died on March 1, 1925 and is buried in his mother's
family tomb in St. Louis Cemetary.