Betty Soskin

The Disfranchisement of the Free Persons of Color and Mulattos in America

President of Mexico






Benito Juárez

President of Mexico




His Link to Creole New Orleans

click here for part of the story


Benito Juárez was a Zapotec native American born in 1806 in San Pablo de Guelatao, Oaxaca, to a poor sheep-herding family.

As a young boy, he worked for a wealthy Creole family.His employer helped Benito to get an education and then become a lawyer. Benito Juárez became governor of Oaxaca in 1847 but was exiled by dictator Santa Ana in 1848.

He joined other exiles in New Orleans, Louisiana..He spent much of his time working in a cigar factory in New Orleans owned by Creoles of color and worked on drafting the Plan of Ayutla as the basis for a liberal revolution in Mexico. It was during his exile that He was so overcome by the Racism that He encountered in New Orleans and by the hospitality of His Creole host that in return He offered them to come live in Mexico where they would be more than welcome.

This was the start of a Creole exodus from Louisiana to Mexico..

.Read the story click here




The Juárez Monument,


installed on Basin Street and Conti Street on April 24, 1965,

commemorates Mexican independence leader and president, Benito Juárez. Sculpted by Juan Fernando Olaguibel, the bronze statue was dedicated on May 17, 1972--the centennial of Juárez' death.

The statue sits in the neighborhood where Juárez lived in exile during the 1850's, working in a Creole cigar factory.

He had been the governor of the state of Oaxaca until 1853 when forced to flee over his his objections to the corrupt military dictatorship of Antonio López de Santa Anna.

In 1854, while in New Orleans, he helped draft the Plan of Ayutla as the basis for a liberal revolution in Mexico. Juárez returned to Mexico in 1855 when Santa Anna was forced to resign.







Benito Juárez


Benito Juárez (March 21, 1806 - June 18, 1872 a Zapotec Indian who served two terms (1861-1863 and 1867-1872) as Mexican President. Juárez is often regarded as Mexico's greatest and most beloved leader.


Benito Pablo Juárez was born in the village of San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca. His parents were peasants who died before his fourth birthday. He worked in the corn fields and as a shepherd until the age of 12, then on December 17, 1818, he walked to the city of Oaxaca with a wish to educate himself and find a better life. At the time he was illiterate and could speak no Spanish, only Zapotec.

In the city he took a job as a domestic servant, and eagarly made up for his previous lack of education. A lay Franciscan named Antonio Salanueva was impressed with young Benito's intelligence and thirst for learning, and helped arrange for him to be accepted at the city seminary. He studied there but decided to pursue the law rather than the priesthood. He graduated from the seminary in 1827, then studied law.

Juárez became a lawyer in 1834 and a judge in 1842. He was governor of the state of Oaxaca from 1847 to 1853, at which time he was sent into exile because of his objections to the corruption of Antonio López de Santa Anna. He spent his exile in New Orleans, Louisiana working in a cigar factory.

Juárez returned to Mexico in 1855 and joined with the opposition Liberales; two years later they triumphed and Juárez was made chief justice and vice-president of Mexico, under president Ignacio Comonfort. The Conservativos rebelled and civil war erupted. Juárez succeeded Comonfort as provisional president. Juárez entered Mexico City on January 11, 1861 to reestablish national unity. He was elected President in March of that year for a four year term.

France invaded Mexico in 1862, with plans by Napoleon III to establish a puppet regime there. After fierce fighting, Juárez and his elected government were forced to retreat to the northern part of the country.

Juárez led Mexican opposition to the French invasion and imposition of puppet emperor Maximilian of Habsburg. Maximilian offered Juárez amnesty, and later the post of prime minister, but Juárez refused to accept monarchy or a government imposed by foreigners. In 1867 the last of the French troops and allies of Maximilian were defeated and driven from the land. That same year Juárez was reelected president.

Benito Juárez was a progressive reformer dedicated to democracy, equal rights for the nation's indigenous or Indian population, and lessening the great power the Roman Catholic Church then held over Mexican politics.

Benito Juárez died of a heart attack while working at his desk in the National Palace in Mexico City.

Juárez's famous quotation continues to be well-remembered in Mexico: "El respeto al derecho ajeno es la paz", meaning "Respect for the rights of others is peace." It is inscribed on the State Flag of Oaxaca.

The anniversary of Juárez's birth (March 21) is a national holiday in Mexico (See: Fiestas Patrias).

See also: History of Mexico

Juárez has been represented in the movies by Paul Muni (1939), Jason Robards, Sr. (1940), Fausto Tozzi (1965), Helmut Schellhardt (1988), and Luis Valdez (1994)

Benito Mussolini was named after Juárez by his Socialist father.

Benito Juárez is a very common geographical name in Mexico. It is used for:

A borough (delegación) of the Federal District: Benito Juárez, D.F.

A municipality in the state of Guerrero: Benito Juárez, Guerrero.

A municipality in the state of Quintana Roo: Benito Juárez, Quintana Roo.

A municipality in the state of Tlaxcala: Benito Juárez, Tlaxcala.

A municipality in the state of Veracruz: Benito Juárez, Veracruz.

Mexico City's airport: Benito Juarez International Airport.

The state university of Oaxaca: Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca.

Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, was renamed for Benito Juárez.

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Referenced By

1860s | Archduke Maxmilian | Benito Juarez | Benito Juarez International Airport | Benito Juárez | Benito Juárez, D.F. | Benito Juárez, Guerrero | Benito Mussolini | Benito Pablo Juarez | Benito Pablo Juárez | Benny Mussolini | Carranza | Chihuahua | Chihuahua (city) | Chihuahua City | Ciudad Juarez | Ciudad Juarez, Mexico | Ciudad Juárez | Demographics of Mexico | El Duce | History of Mexico | ISO 3166-1:MX | Ignacio Comonfort | Jose Marti |

Jose de San Martin | José Marti | José Martí | José de San Martín | List of Mexico presidents | List of Presidents of Mexico | List of liberal thinkers and leaders | List of liberals | Maximilian I of Mexico | Maximilian of Habsburg | Maximilian of Mexico | Maximiliano de Habsburgo | Maximillian of Mexico | Mexcico | Mexican | Mexico |

Mexico/History | Mexico/People | Mexico/Temp | Mussolini | México | Oaxaca | Oaxaca (state) | Oaxaca City | Oaxaca State | Paseo de la Reforma | Pedro de Ampudia | President of Mexico | Presidents of Mexico | San Luis Potosi | San Luis Potosí | San Pablo Guelatao | San Pueblo Guelatao | United Mexican States | United States of Mexico | Venustiano Carranza





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