Famous Creoles
Rosette Rochon
  Harold Doley
  Andre Cailloux
  Dr. Roudanez
  Francis E. Dumas
  Jean Baptiste Du Sable
  Jelly Roll Morton
  Fats Domino
  Henriette Delille
  General Beauregard
  Norbert Rillieux
  Louis Moreau Gottschalk
  Rose Nicaud
  Morris W. Morris
  Edmonde Dede
  Louis A. Snaer
  Don Vappie
  John Audobon
  Joan Bennett
  Jean Lafitte
  Morton Downey Jr.
  Julien Hudson
  Illinois Jacquet
  Bryant C. Gumbel
  Marie Laveau
  Gilbert E. Martin
  Rudolphe Lucien Desdunes
  Ernest Morial
  Bill Picket
  Bishop Healy
  John Willis Menard
  Homer Plessy
  Ward Connerly
AP Tureaud
  Bishop Olivier
  George Herriman
  Alexander Dumas

Major Francis E Dumas
The First and the Highest (non-white) ranking Combat officer in the Civil War

The First and the Highest (non-white) ranking Combat officer in the Civil War


Major Francis E. Dumas

2rd Louisiana Native Guard

Copyright C. P. Weaver..... Shown With Permission


Originally captain of Company B of the 1st Regiment, was promoted to major in the 2nd Louisiana Native Guards, thus becoming the highest ranking non-white, Dumas inherited a plantation but proceeded to enlist his slaves for service in the Union Army.



Thank God My Regiment was an African One...

Major Dumas,Pinchback, Octave Ray, Arnold Bertonneau, and many more Black Officers, not to mention the enlisted men, are represented in this second regiment of the Louisiana Native Guard on Ship Island and at Fort Pike where P.B.S. Pinchback was stationed

Excellent Reading Click here


The only wealthy man among the officers of the 1st Louisiana Native Guards, Captain Francis E. Dumas of Company B, had recently returned from France and had inherited a sugar plantation and a large number of slaves.

Dumas left the regiment, however, to accept a major's commission in the 2rd Regiment, thus becoming

the first non white field officer in the United States Army.


In the process, he also freed his slaves and enlisted approximately one hundred of them into his regiment.

The Louisiana Native Guards
by James G. Hollandsworth, Jr.
A Black Patriot and a White Priest
By Stephen J. Och

A refined educated Slave owning plantation owner , Dumas spoke five languages and his abilities impressed both Daniels and General Butler..

Dumas enlisted his one hundred slaves into one company of the native guard, calling upon them to break the bonds of their fellow men . As a Major, Dumas, was the highest nonwhite commissioned officer to see combat in the civil war

Louisiana Native Guard



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